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Olive oil is, without doubt, the greatest legacy left to us by Graeco-Roman culture
Olive oil is, without doubt, the greatest legacy left by Graeco-Roman culture to the countries of the Mediterranean.

Besides being a staple food, olive oil was also considered a basic product for medicinal, hygiene and cosmetic purposes. Nowadays it is making a comeback where these uses are concerned.

Olive oil plays a fundamental role in Mediterranean culture. The origins of olive-growing go back more than 6,000 years and there is evidence to suggest that the oil was used even earlier. In fact, many Mediterranean peoples based their economy on the olive oil trade. It is known that olive oil was not just a key element in the diet of these peoples but that it also had many other practical applications —therapeutic and cosmetic— as well as symbolic uses, such as making offerings to the gods, or the anointing of newborn infants.

Olive oil was also a prime necessity for use in lamps for domestic lighting, and a basic ingredient in most of the recipes written up in the first known cookery book, compiled by the Romans.

Since then it has continued to be one of the distinctive products of Catalan and Mediterranean cuisine, so much so that over the last century its organoleptic properties and beneficial effects on health have led to its widespread use throughout other developed countries.